What is Astrology?
Whether we believe in Astrology or not but at some point in our life when we start suffering from some big disappointments one after another at a high frequency for a long interval of time we start believing that there exist something very powerful in our life which is directing our life and which has the power to change the course of our life what we call... Destiny!!!... And Astrology is nothing else but an attempt to estimate the destiny of a person so as to provide him or her some important guidelines.
Astrology word has been derived from two Greek words ‘Aston’ means stars or Famous Astrologers in planets & 'Logia' meaning study. Thus Astrology means study of the stars or planets. In Astrology or Jyotish, relative positions of planets at the time of birth of a person are studied in order to ascertain his personality traits & various events & issues of life like education, profession (job/business), marriage, married life, childbirth, financial condition, property/material assets & health etc. Also a person's past, present & future are ascertained using the arithmatic of dashas, Mahadashas & Antardashas.
Astrological concepts are in existence since 3rd millennium B.C. Before modern era, Astrology & Astronomy were not distinguishable & astronomical Vedic Astrologers observations were primarily motivated by desire for predictive knowledge. In 18th century, Astrology & Astronomy got separated & Astronomy distinguished itself as the scientific study of astronomical objects without giving any emphasis on their astrological significance. Scientific community assumes Astrology as 'Psuedo Science' or superstition. According to Anil Sharma Astrology is partly Science and partly it is an art of estimation of various issues of life as well as estimation of good and bad phases of life using some rules and logics.
Astrology has also got its own limitations like Medicine (which is called as a Medical Science).
If a person is struggling regarding some particular issue of life like education, job, business, career growth, marriage, married life, childbirth, financial condition, foreign tour, health, constructing property / house from a long interval of time & even after trying hard he is unable to achieve his goal due to various reasons in his way, then slowly & slowly he/she starts losing hope & starts feeling disappointed. In such a case some people also take some wrong steps in life like running away from home or committing suicide. In such a case by analysing his/her horoscope / birth chart it can be tell the person concerned from how much time he has been struggling & when the struggle would come to an end. Also how much he can achieve relating to that particular issue in life.
Some people have a misconception regarding Jyotish that it is the rays coming from the planets that affect our lives but that is a myth. Rays can only produce some physical effect. Like Sun rays produce heat & give away light. Similarly rays originating from Moon on a Full-Moon day are responsible for producing tides in the sea. It is the planetary positions at the time of a birth of a person as seen from his birth place which show some effect on person's personality as well as his luck regarding various issues of life.
In Indian Astrology we have to work according to the concept of relative motion & Earth is assumed to be stationary. While Sun & Moon are considered to be planets. Also two imaginary planets 'Rahu' (Dragon's Head) & 'Ketu' (Dragon's Tail) are taken into consideration. These two imaginary planets are actually two points on which the Moon's orbit & Earth's Equator (extended into the space) intersects. Other planets are Mars (Mangal), Mercury (Budh), Jupiter (Guru), Venus (Shukra), Saturn (Shani).
Horoscope Astrology can be broadly divided into two parts Calculation Part (Ganit Jyotish) and Prediction Part (Phalit Jyotish).
Calculation Part (Ganit Jyotish) - In Calculation part, birth details of a person: - date of birth, month of birth, year of birth, time of birth a.m./p.m., place of birth (village / city, district, state & country) are gathered and then position of planets at the time of birth of the person is calculated using some astronomical calculations. A 'panchang' or Ephemeris was used for this purpose earlier but nowadays many computer software’s on Indian Astrology are available to do this job & moreover without any effort & with in no time. A horoscope is generated after calculations which consist of Lagna Kundli (Birth Chart), Chandra Kundli (Moon Chart), Navamansh Kundli & other divisional charts as well as tables consisting details of Horoscope Readers in Delhi Vinshottari Mahadasha-Antardasha-Pratyantardasha, Yogini Dashas and Ashtottari dashas.
Prediction Part (Phalit Jyotish) - In Prediction part of Astrology, by analysing the horoscope of the person concerned an Indian Vedic Astrologer tries to ascertain a person's life or luck from various point of views like education, job, career prospects, business, financial condition, property, marriage, married life, childbirth, foreign tour & health etc. Analysis from the point of view of married life & child birth, horoscope of the spouse is also required. Also past as well as present years of life are analyzed & than future is told. A good astrologer (or jyotishi or astrologist) is a person who is also a good past-teller as well as a good present-teller.